Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Technology

Standard 1.Knows the characteristics and uses of computer hardware and operating systems
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Knows names of basic computer hardware (e.g., mouse, keyboard, touch screen)
   2. Uses basic computer hardware (e.g., hunts for specific keys on keyboard, uses mouse)
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows basic computer hardware (e.g., keyboard and mouse, printer and monitor, optical storage device [such as CD-ROM], case for the CPU [central processing unit])
   2. Powers-up computer, monitor, and starts a computer program (e.g., checks that printer is switched on and on-line; reboots the computer when necessary)
   3. Knows the alphanumeric keys and special keys (e.g., function keys, escape key, space bar, delete/backspace, return/enter)
   4. Knows proper finger placement on the home row keys
   5. Handles computer equipment with care
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows the basic functions of hardware (e.g., keyboard and mouse provide input; printer and monitor provide output; optical discs such as CD-ROMs provide storage; the CPU processes information)
   2. Uses proper keyboard techniques, beginning from the home row and maintaining proper posture
   3. Knows potential hazards to computer media (e.g., the damage caused to floppies by magnetic fields, dirt, and dust; caused to computers by excessive heat, smoke, and moisture)
   4. Knows basic facts about networked computers (e.g., computers can connect to each other via modem and telephone line, or through local network systems, or internet and intranet)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows the differing capacities and trade-offs for computer storage media (e.g., local, removable, remote)
   2. Types with some facility, demonstrating some memorization of keys
   3. Connects via modem to other computer users via the internet, an on-line service, or bulletin board system
   4. Knows basic characteristics and functions of an operating system
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows of significant advances in computers and peripherals (e.g., data scanners, digital cameras)
   2. Uses a variety of input devices (e.g., keyboard, scanner, speech recognition, mouse, touch screen, stylus)
   3. Knows limitations and trade-offs of current and emerging computer-related hardware (e.g., laptops, printers, scanners, smart phones, PDAs)
   4. Identifies malfunctions and problems in hardware (e.g., hard drive crash, monitor burn-out)