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List of Benchmarks for Physical Education

Standard 5.Understands the social and personal responsibility associated with participation in physical activity
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Uses equipment (e.g., jungle gym, swings, tricycle) in a coordinated and safe manner
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Follows rules and procedures (e.g., playground, classroom, and gymnasium rules) with little reinforcement
   2. Uses equipment and space safely and properly (e.g., takes turns using equipment, puts equipment away when not in use)
   3. Understands the purpose of rules in games
   4. Understands the social contributions of physical activity (e.g., learning to cooperate and interact with others, having a role in team sports)
   5. Works cooperatively (e.g., takes turns, is supportive, assists partner) with another to complete an assigned task
   6. Understands the elements of socially acceptable conflict resolution in physical activity settings (e.g., cooperation, sharing, consideration)
   7. Understands the importance of playing, cooperating, and respecting others regardless of personal differences (e.g., gender, ethnicity, disability) during physical activity
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   1. Knows how to develop rules, procedures, and etiquette that are safe and effective for specific activity situations
   2. Works in a group to accomplish a set goal in both cooperative and competitive activities
   3. Understands the role of physical activities in learning more about others of like and different backgrounds (e.g., gender, culture, ethnicity, and disability)
   4. Understands the physical challenges faced by people with disabilities (e.g., wheelchair basketball, dancing with a hearing disability)
   5. Understands the origins of different sports and how they have evolved
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands the importance of rules, procedures, and safe practice in physical activity settings
   2. Understands proper attitudes toward both winning and losing
   3. Knows the difference between inclusive (e.g., changing rules of activity to include less skilled players) and exclusionary (e.g., failing to pass ball to less skilled players) behaviors in physical activity settings
   4. Understands physical activity as a vehicle for self-expression (e.g., dance, gymnastics, and various sport activities)
   5. Understands the concept that physical activity (e.g., sport, games, dance) is a microcosm of modern culture and society
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Uses leadership and follower roles, when appropriate, in accomplishing group goals in physical activities
   2. Works with others in a sport activity to achieve a common goal (e.g., winning a team championship)
   3. Understands how participation in physical activity fosters awareness of diversity (e.g., cultural, ethnic, gender, physical)
   4. Includes persons of diverse backgrounds and abilities in physical activity
   5. Understands the history and purpose of international competitions (e.g., Olympics, Special Olympics, Pan American Games, World Cup Soccer)
   6. Understands the role of sport in a diverse world (e.g., the influence of professional sport in society, the usefulness of dance as an expression of multiculturalism, the effect of age and gender on sport participation patterns)
   7. Understands the concept of "sportsmanship" and the importance of responsible behavior while participating in physical activities