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Physical Education

Standard 4.Understands how to monitor and maintain a health-enhancing level of physical fitness
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Exercises through play and group games to increase strength, endurance, and flexibility
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Engages in basic activities that cause cardiorespiratory exertion (e.g., running, galloping, skipping, hopping)
   2. Knows how to measure cardiorespiratory fitness (e.g., listening to heartbeat, counting pulse rate)
   3. Knows the physiological indicators (e.g., perspiration, increased heart and breathing rate) that accompany moderate to vigorous physical activity
   4. Engages in activities that develop muscular strength and endurance (e.g., climbing, hanging, taking weight on hands)
   5. Engages in activities that require flexibility (e.g., stretching toward the toes while in the sit-and-reach position, moving each joint through its full range of motion)
   6. Knows how body composition influences physical fitness levels (e.g., proportion of lean body mass to fat body mass)
   7. Knows similarities and differences in body height, weight, and shape
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   1. Engages in activities that develop and maintain cardiorespiratory endurance (e.g., timed or distance walk/run and other endurance activities at a specified heart rate)
   2. Engages in activities that develop and maintain muscular strength (e.g., push-ups, pull-ups, curl-ups, isometric strength activities, jump rope)
   3. Engages in activities that develop and maintain flexibility of the major joints (e.g., sit and reach, trunk twists, and arm-shoulder stretches)
   4. Knows the effects of physical activity and nutrition on body composition
   5. Knows how to monitor intensity of exercise (e.g., heart rate, breathing rate, perceived exertion, and recovery rate)
   6. Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
   7. Knows the characteristics of a healthy lifestyle (e.g., daily health-enhancing physical activity, proper nutrition)
   8. Uses information from fitness assessments to improve selected fitness components (e.g., cardiorespiratory endurance, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)
   9. Participates in moderate to vigorous physical activity in a variety of settings (e.g., gymnastics clubs, community sponsored youth sports)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain cardiorespiratory endurance (e.g., timed or distance walk/run and other endurance activities at specified heart rate/heart rate recovery)
   2. Engages in more advanced activities that develop and maintain muscular strength and endurance (e.g., calisthenics activities, resistance, and weight training)
   3. Engages in more advanced levels of activity that develop and maintain flexibility
   4. Understands the role of exercise and other factors in weight control and body composition
   5. Understands basic principles of training that improve physical fitness (e.g., threshold, overload, specificity, frequency, intensity, duration, and mode of exercise)
   6. Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a standardized physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
   7. Knows how to interpret the results of physical fitness assessments and use the information to develop individual fitness goals
   8. Knows how to differentiate the body’s response to physical activities of various exercise intensities (e.g., measurement of heart rate, resting heart rate, heart rate reserve; taking pulse at rest and during exercise)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows personal status of cardiorespiratory endurance
   2. Knows personal status of muscular strength and endurance of the arms, shoulders, abdomen, back, and legs
   3. Knows personal status of flexibility of the joints of the arms, legs, and trunk
   4. Knows personal status of body composition
   5. Meets health-related fitness standards for appropriate level of a physical fitness test (e.g., aerobic capacity, body composition, muscle strength, endurance, and flexibility)
   6. Knows how to monitor and adjust activity levels to meet personal fitness needs
   7. Understands how to maintain an active lifestyle throughout life (e.g., participate regularly in physical activities that reflect personal interests)
   8. Designs a personal fitness program that is based on the basic principles of training and encompasses all components of fitness (e.g., cardiovascular and respiratory efficiency, muscular strength and endurance, flexibility, and body composition)