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List of Benchmarks for Physical Education

Standard 3.Understands the benefits and costs associated with participation in physical activity
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Understands the need for exercise
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Understands the health benefits of physical activity (e.g., good health, physical endurance)
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   1. Knows about opportunities for participation in physical activities both in and out of school (e.g., recreational leagues, intramural sports, clubs)
   2. Chooses physical activities based on a variety of factors (e.g., personal interests and capabilities, perceived social and physical benefits, challenge and enjoyment)
   3. Knows factors that inhibit physical activity (e.g., substance abuse)
   4. Knows how to modify activities to be more health-enhancing (e.g.,walking instead of riding, taking the stairs rather than the elevator)
   5. Understands detrimental effects of physical activity (e.g., muscle soreness, overuse injuries, over-training, temporary tiredness, and discovering inability)
   6. Understands activities that provide personal challenge (e.g., risk-taking, adventure, and competitive activities)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands long-term physiological benefits of regular participation in physical activity (e.g., improved cardiovascular and muscular strength, improved flexibility and body composition)
   2. Understands long-term psychological benefits of regular participation in physical activity (e.g., healthy self-image, stress reduction, strong mental and emotional health)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands factors that impact the ability to participate in physical activity (e.g., type of activity, cost, available facilities, equipment required, personnel involved)
   2. Understands how various factors (e.g., age, gender, race, ethnicity, socioeconomic status, and culture) affect physical activity preferences and participation
   3. Understands the potentially dangerous consequences and outcomes of participation in physical activity (e.g., physical injury, potential conflicts with others)