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Physical Education

Standard 2.Uses movement concepts and principles in the development of motor skills
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Understands a vocabulary of basic movement concepts (e.g., personal space, high/low levels, fast/slow speeds, light/heavy weights, balance, twist)
   2. Understands terms that describe a variety of relationships with objects (e.g., over/under, behind, alongside, through)
   3. Uses concepts of space awareness and movement control with a variety of basic skills (e.g., running, hopping, skipping) while interacting with others
   4. Understands the critical elements of a variety of basic movement patterns such as throwing (e.g., the ready position, arm preparation, step with leg opposite the throwing arm, follow-through, accuracy of throw)
   5. Uses feedback to improve performance (e.g., peer/coach review)
   6. Understands the importance of practice in learning skills
  Level II (Grade 3-6)
   1. Uses information from a variety of internal and external sources to improve performance (e.g., group projects, student journal, self-assessment, peer and coach review)
   2. Understands principles of practice and conditioning that improve performance
   3. Understands proper warm-up and cool-down techniques and reasons for using them
   4. Uses basic offensive and defensive strategies in unstructured game environments (e.g., limited rules, modified equipment, small numbers of participants)
  Level III (Grade 7-8)
   1. Understands principles of training and conditioning for specific physical activities
   2. Understands the critical elements of advanced movement skills (e.g., such as a racing start in freestyle swimming)
   3. Uses basic offensive and defensive strategies in a modified version of a team and individual sport
   4. Understands movement forms associated with highly skilled physical activities (e.g., moves that lead to successful serves, passes, and spikes in an elite volleyball game)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands biomechanical concepts that govern different types of movement (e.g., gymnastics skills)
   2. Understands how sport psychology affects the performance of physical activities (e.g., the effect of anxiety on performance)
   3. Understands the physiological principles governing fitness maintenance and improvement (e.g., overload principle, law of specificity)
   4. Uses offensive and defensive strategies and appropriate rules for sports and other physical activities