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Standard 8.Knows essential concepts about the prevention and control of disease
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows the signs and symptoms of common illnesses (e.g., fever, rashes, coughs, congestion, wheezing)
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows ways in which a person can prevent or reduce the risk of disease and disability (e.g., practicing good personal hygiene, making healthy food choices, acknowledging the importance of immunizations, cooperating in regular health screenings)
   2. Knows the benefits of early detection and treatment of disease
   3. Knows ways to maintain a functional level of health in the presence of disease or disability (e.g., cooperating with parents and health-care providers, taking prescription or over-the-counter medicines properly, correctly interpreting instructions for taking medicine)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Understands how lifestyle, pathogens, family history, and other risk factors are related to the cause or prevention of disease and other health problems
   2. Knows communicable, chronic, and degenerative disease processes and the differences between them
   3. Understands personal rights and responsibilities involved in the treatment of disease (e.g., proper use of medication; the influence of family and culture on the treatment of disease)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands how the immune system functions to prevent or combat disease
   2. Understands the importance of regular examinations (including self-examination of the breasts or testicles) in detecting and treating diseases early
   3. Understands the importance of prenatal and perinatal care to both the mother and the child
   4. Understands the social, economic, and political effects of disease on individuals, families, and communities