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Health

Standard 5.Knows essential concepts and practices concerning injury prevention and safety
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Knows rules for traffic and pedestrian safety (e.g., crossing the street safely, safety around vehicles)
   2. Knows safe behaviors in the classroom (e.g., walks indoors) and on the playground (e.g., participates safely in activities)
   3. Knows potentially dangerous substances and objects (e.g., medicine, poison, broken glass, matches)
   4. Knows safe behaviors around strangers (e.g., do not get in cars or take treats from strangers)
   5. Knows the routines to follow in emergency situations (e.g., fire and earthquake drills, calling 911)
   6. Knows the safe and proper use of classroom materials
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows basic fire, traffic, water, and recreation safety practices
   2. Knows precautions that should be taken in special conditions (e.g., bad weather, Halloween, darkness, staying home alone, being approached by strangers, avoiding conflicts)
   3. Knows how to recognize emergencies and respond appropriately (e.g., uses a telephone appropriately to obtain help; identifies and obtains help from police officers, fire fighters, and medical personnel; treats simple injuries such as scratches, cuts, bruises, and first-degree burns)
   4. Knows ways to seek assistance if worried, abused, or threatened (e.g., physically, emotionally, sexually)
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows safety rules and practices to be used in home, school, and community settings (e.g., using a seat belt or helmet, protecting ears from exposure to excessive noise, wearing appropriate clothing and protective equipment for sports, using sunscreen or a hat in bright sunlight)
   2. Knows methods used to recognize and avoid threatening situations (e.g., not leaning into a car when giving directions to a stranger) and ways to get assistance
   3. Knows basic first aid procedures appropriate to common emergencies in home, school, and community (e.g., proper responses to breathing and choking problems, bleeding, shock, poisonings, minor burns; universal precautions to be taken when dealing with other people's blood)
   4. Knows the difference between positive and negative behaviors used in conflict situations
   5. Knows some non-violent strategies to resolve conflicts
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows injury prevention strategies for family health (e.g., having a personal and family emergency plan, including maintaining supplies in readiness for emergencies; identifying and removing safety hazards in the home)
   2. Knows strategies for managing a range of situations involving injury (e.g., first aid procedures, abdominal thrust maneuver, cardiopulmonary resuscitation)
   3. Knows potential signs of self- and other-directed violence
   4. Knows the various possible causes of conflict among youth in schools and communities, and strategies to manage conflict
   5. Knows how refusal and negotiation skills can be used to enhance health
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows injury prevention strategies for community health (e.g., neighborhood safety, traffic safety, safe driving)
   2. Knows possible causes of conflicts in schools, families, and communities, and strategies to prevent conflict in these situations
   3. Knows strategies for solving interpersonal conflicts without harming self or others
   4. Knows how refusal, negotiation, and collaboration skills can be used to avoid potentially harmful situations