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List of Benchmarks for Health

Standard 2.Knows environmental and external factors that affect individual and community health
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows sources and causes of pollution (e.g., air, ground, noise, water, food) in the community
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows how the physical environment can impact personal health (e.g., the effects of exposure to pollutants)
   2. Knows how individuals, communities, and states cooperate to control environmental problems and maintain a healthy environment
   3. Knows how personal health can be influenced by society (e.g., culture) and science (e.g., technology)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows cultural beliefs, socioeconomic considerations, and other environmental factors within a community that influence the health of its members (e.g., relationship of values, socioeconomic status, and cultural experiences to the selection of health-care services)
   2. Understands how various messages from the media, peers, and other sources impact health practices (e.g., health fads, advertising, misconceptions about treatment and prevention options)
   3. Knows local, state, federal, and international efforts to contain an environmental crisis and prevent a recurrence (e.g., acid rain, oil spills, solid waste contamination, nuclear leaks, ozone depletion)
   4. Understands how peer relationships affect health (e.g., name-calling, prejudice, exclusiveness, discrimination, risk-taking behaviors)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows how the health of individuals can be influenced by the community (e.g., information offered through community organizations; volunteer work at hospitals, food banks, child care centers)
   2. Knows how individuals can improve or maintain community health (e.g., becoming active in environmental and economic issues that affect health, assisting in the development of public health policies and laws, exercising voting privileges)
   3. Understands how the environment influences the health of the community (e.g., environmental issues that affect the food supply and the nutritional quality of food)
   4. Understands how the prevention and control of health problems are influenced by research and medical advances
   5. Knows how public health policies and government regulations (e.g., OSHA regulations, Right to Know laws, DSS regulations, licensing laws) impact health-related issues (e.g., safe food handling, food production controls, household waste disposal controls, clean air, disposal of nuclear waste)
   6. Understands how cultural diversity enriches and challenges health behaviors (e.g., various food sources of nutrients available in different cultural and ethnic cuisines, influence of cultural factors on the treatment of diseases)