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List of Benchmarks for Health

Standard 1.Knows the availability and effective use of health services, products, and information
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate at this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows community health service providers and their roles (e.g., paramedics, dentists, nurses, physicians, sanitarians, dietitians)
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows general characteristics of valid health information and health-promoting products and services (e.g., provided by qualified health-care workers; supported by research)
   2. Knows various community agencies that provide health services to individuals and families (e.g., HMOs, public health clinics, mental health clinics, substance abuse treatment centers)
   3. Knows a variety of consumer influences and how those influences affect decisions regarding health resources, products, and services (e.g., media, information from school and family, peer pressure)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows the costs and validity of common health products, services, and information
   2. Knows how to locate and use community health resources, products, and services that provide valid health information
   3. Knows ways to influence the consumer health service system (e.g., assertive consumerism, selecting providers, communicating complaints)
   4. Knows community health consumer organizations and the advocacy services they provide (e.g., American Heart Association, American Lung Association, Diabetes Association)
   5. Knows situations that require professional health services (e.g., management of health conditions such as asthma, diabetes)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows factors that influence personal selection of health-care resources, products, and services (e.g., cost, benefits)
   2. Knows how to determine whether various resources from home, school, and the community present valid health information, products, and services
   3. Knows local, state, federal, and private agencies that protect and/or inform the consumer (e.g., FDA, EPA, OSHA, local prosecutor's office)
   4. Understands the cost and accessibility of a variety of health-care services (e.g., health insurance coverage)
   5. Knows situations that require professional health services in the areas of prevention, treatment, and rehabilitation (e.g., persistent depression, prenatal and perinatal care, treatment or management of disease, alcohol- or drug-related problems, neglect and child abuse)