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Foreign Language

Standard 5.Understands that different languages use different patterns to communicate and applies this knowledge to the target and native languages
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   1. Knows words that have been borrowed from one language to another and how these word borrowings may have developed
   2. Knows basic elements of the sound and writing systems of the target language and how these elements differ from the same elements of one’s native language
   3. Understands that an idea may be expressed in multiple ways in the target language
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   1. Understands how idiomatic expressions have an impact on communication and reflect culture (e.g., anticipates larger units of meaning rather than individual word equivalencies)
   2. Draws conclusions about the relationship among languages (e.g., based on cognates and idioms)
   3. Understands that languages have critical sound distinctions that convey meaning
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows various linguistic elements of the target language (e.g., time, tense, gender, syntax, style) and how these elements compare to linguistic elements in one’s native language
   2. Understands that the ability to comprehend language surpasses the ability to produce language
   3. Understands similar and different meanings of cognates in different languages and how this relates to the evolution of language
   4. Understands the nature of the writing systems in the target, native, and other languages (e.g., logographic, syllabic, alphabetic)