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Civics

Standard 9.Understands the importance of Americans sharing and supporting certain values, beliefs, and principles of American constitutional democracy
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Understands how Americans are united by the values, principles, and beliefs they share rather than by ethnicity, race, religion, class, language, gender, or national origin
   2. Understands how shared values, principles, and beliefs contribute to the continuation and improvement of American democracy
   3. Knows how specific documents in American history set forth shared values, principles, and beliefs (e.g., Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution and Bill of Rights, Pledge of Allegiance)
   4. Knows how various symbols are used to depict Americans' shared values, principles, and beliefs and explain their meaning (e.g., the flag, Statue of Liberty, Statue of Justice, Uncle Sam, great seal, national anthem, oaths of office, mottoes such as E Pluribus Unum)
   5. Knows how various American holidays reflect the shared values, principles, and beliefs of Americans (e.g., Fourth of July; Labor Day; Memorial Day; Presidents' Day; Columbus Day; Thanksgiving; Veterans Day; Martin Luther King, Jr.'s Birthday)
   6. Knows how the values and principles of American democracy can be promoted through respecting the rights of others (e.g., being open to opposing views, not invading others' privacy, not discriminating unfairly against others)
   7. Knows how the values and principles of American democracy can be fostered through helping to promote the common good (e.g., volunteer work)
   8. Knows how the values and principles of American democracy can be promoted through participating in government (e.g., voting, keeping informed about public issues, writing to legislators, serving on juries)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Identifies fundamental values and principles that are expressed in basic documents (e.g., Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution), significant political speeches and writings (e.g., The Federalist, King's "I Have a Dream" speech), and individual and group actions that embody fundamental values and principles (e.g., suffrage and civil rights movements)
   2. Understands how certain values (e.g., individual rights, the common good, self government, justice, equality, diversity, openness and free inquiry, truth, patriotism) are fundamental to American public life
   3. Understands popular sovereignty as opposed to state sovereignty (e.g., ultimate political authority rests with the people who create and can alter or abolish governments; citizens are not the same as subjects), and knows that popular sovereignty is a fundamental principle of American constitutional democracy
   4. Knows that constitutional government is a fundamental principle of American democracy (e.g., the rule of law, representative institutions, shared powers, checks and balances, individual rights, separation of church and state, federalism, civilian control of the military)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands how the institutions of government reflect fundamental values and principles (e.g., justice, equality, the common good, popular sovereignty, checks and balances)
   2. Understands the interdependence among certain values and principles (e.g., individual liberty and diversity)
   3. Understands the significance of fundamental values and principles for the individual and society