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Civics

Standard 4.Understands the concept of a constitution, the various purposes that constitutions serve, and the conditions that contribute to the establishment and maintenance of constitutional government
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows various uses of the term "constitution" (e.g., as a description of a form of government; as a document; as a higher law limiting the powers of government)
   2. Understands how a government with a constitution but without effective ways to enforce it may still have unlimited power (e.g., former Soviet Union, Nazi Germany, Iraq under Saddam Hussein)
   3. Knows past and present examples of countries with constitutions that actually did limit the power of government (e.g., United States, United Kingdom, Germany, Japan, Botswana, Chile)
   4. Knows some basic uses of constitutions (e.g., to set forth the purposes of government, to describe the way a government is organized and how power is allocated, to define the relationship between a people and their government)
   5. Knows how constitutions have been used to promote the interests of a particular group, class, religion, or political party (e.g., the People's Republic of China, Kenya, Mexico)
   6. Knows how constitutions have been used to protect individual rights and promote the common good (e.g., First Amendment, Nineteenth Amendment in the United States Constitution)
   7. Knows the type of citizenry needed to establish and maintain constitutional government (e.g., citizens should be educated and enjoy a reasonable standard of living, understand and support the constitution and its values and principles, willingly assume the responsibilities of citizenship, insist that government officials respect limitations the constitution places on their authority)
   8. Knows the type of public servants needed to help establish and maintain constitutional government (e.g., persons serving in government should understand and support the constitution and its values and principles, respect limitations the constitution places on their authority)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Distinguishes between governments with a constitution and constitutional (limited) government
   2. Understands how constitutions set forth the structure of government, give the government power, and establish the relationship between the people and their government
   3. Understands how constitutions may limit government's power in order to protect individual rights and promote the common good
   4. Understands how constitutions, in the past as well as in the present, have been disregarded or used to promote the interests of a particular group, class, faction, or a government (e.g., slavery, exclusion of women from the body politic, prohibition of competing political parties)
   5. Understands how constitutions can be vehicles for change and for resolving social issues (e.g., use of the Fourteenth Amendment to the United States Constitution in the civil rights movement of the 1950s and 1960s; establishment of the Japanese Constitution after World War II, which provided women the right to vote)
   6. Understands how constitutions may be used to preserve core values and principles of a political system or society (e.g., prohibition of religious tests for public office, protection of private property by the United States Constitution)
   7. Knows the social, economic, and political conditions that foster constitutional government
   8. Understands reasons why some nations have been successful in establishing constitutional government (e.g., post-World War II Germany, Japan) whereas others have not (e.g., Nigeria, Kenya, Argentina under Peron)
   9. Knows responsibilities individual citizens and people serving in government should assume to insure the preservation and improvement of constitutional government