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Standard 27.Understands how certain character traits enhance citizens' ability to fulfill personal and civic responsibilities
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows that a responsibility is a duty to do something or not to do something
   2. Knows examples of situations that involve responsibility and the sources of responsibility (e.g., a child obeying his/her parents' request to take care of the family's pet)
   3. Knows some of the benefits of fulfilling responsibilities (e.g., praise and approval from parents, increased confidence and self-esteem)
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Understands why personal responsibility is important, and knows examples of personal responsibility (e.g., taking advantage of the opportunity to be educated)
   2. Understands why civic responsibility is important, and knows examples of civic responsibility (e.g., obeying the law, respecting the rights of others)
   3. Knows private character traits that contribute to the health of American democracy such as individual responsibility, self-discipline/self-governance, honesty, persistence, and compassion
   4. Knows public character traits that contribute to the health of American democracy such as civility, respect for the rights of other individuals, respect for the law, open mindedness, critical mindedness, negotiation and compromise, civic mindedness, and patriotism
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Understands the importance for individuals and society of commonly held personal responsibilities such as taking care of one's self, supporting one's family, accepting responsibility for the consequences of one's actions, adhering to moral principles, considering the rights and interests of others, and behaving in a civil manner
   2. Understands contemporary issues that involve personal responsibilities (e.g., failure to provide adequate support or care for one's children, cheating on examinations, lack of concern for the less fortunate)
   3. Understands the importance for individuals and society of commonly held civic responsibilities such as paying taxes, being informed and attentive to public issues, monitoring political leaders and governmental agencies and taking appropriate action if their adherence to constitutional principles is lacking, deciding whether and how to vote, participating in civic groups, performing public service, serving as a juror, and serving in the armed forces
   4. Understands the meaning of civic responsibilities as distinguished from personal responsibilities, and understands contemporary issues that involve civic responsibilities (e.g., low voter participation, avoidance of jury duty, failure to be informed about public issues)
   5. Understands how citizens' responsibilities as Americans could require the subordination of their personal rights and interests to the public good
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the distinction between personal and civic responsibilities and the tensions that may arise between them
   2. Understands how individuals and society benefit from the fulfillment of personal responsibilities such as supporting one's family and caring for, nurturing, and educating one's children
   3. Understands the importance of each citizen reflecting on, criticizing, and reaffirming basic constitutional principles
   4. Understands the importance for individuals and society of fulfilling civic responsibilities such as assuming leadership when appropriate, registering to vote, and voting knowledgeably on candidates and issues
   5. Understands whether and when moral obligations or constitutional principles require one to refuse to assume certain civic responsibilities
   6. Understands the importance of dispositions that lead citizens to become independent members of society such as self-discipline, self-governance, and individual responsibility (i.e., fulfilling the moral and legal obligations of membership in society)
   7. Understands the importance of dispositions that foster respect for individual worth and human dignity such as compassion and respect for the rights and choices of individuals
   8. Understands the importance of dispositions that incline citizens toward public affairs such as civic mindedness and patriotism (i.e., loyalty to the principles underlying American constitutional democracy as distinguished from jingoism and chauvinism)