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Civics

Standard 26.Understands issues regarding the proper scope and limits of rights and the relationships among personal, political, and economic rights
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows that the consequences of privacy can be both beneficial and costly
   2. Knows that there are conflicts over the scopes and limits of privacy (e.g., situations in which keeping a secret could be harmful)
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows criteria necessary for analyzing and evaluating conflicts over privacy (e.g., how and why something is kept secret; possible reasons why it should not be kept secret)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Understands what is meant by the "scope and limits" of a right (e.g., the scope of one's right to free speech in the United States is extensive and protects almost all forms of political expression, but the right to free speech can be limited if it seriously harms or endangers others)
   2. Understands the argument that all rights have limits, and knows criteria commonly used in determining what limits should be placed on specific rights (e.g., clear and present danger rule, compelling government interest test, national security, libel or slander, public safety, equal opportunity)
   3. Understands different positions on a contemporary conflict between rights (e.g., right of a fair trial and right to a free press; right to privacy and right to freedom of expression)
   4. Understands different positions on a contemporary conflict between rights and other social values and interests (e.g., the right of the public to know what their government is doing versus the need for national security; the right to property versus the protection of the environment)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Knows how to distinguish among personal, political, and economic rights (e.g., the right to live where one chooses as distinct from the right to use money to buy personal property as distinct from the right to register to vote)
   2. Understands different positions on a contemporary conflict between rights such as one person’s right to free speech versus another person’s right to be heard
   3. Knows examples of situations in which personal, political, or economic rights are in conflict
   4. Understands the argument that poverty, unemployment, and urban decay serve to limit both political and economic rights
   5. Understands the argument that personal, political, and economic rights reinforce each other
   6. Understands the relationship between political rights and the economic right to acquire, use, transfer, and dispose of property
   7. Understands the relationship of political rights to economic rights such as the right to choose one's work, to change employment, and to join a labor union and other lawful associations