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Civics

Standard 25.Understands issues regarding personal, political, and economic rights
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Understands that other people have rights
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows that the right to privacy is a personal right guaranteed by the United States Constitution
   2. Knows that privacy refers to situations in which one or more persons restrict the access of one or more others to a certain thing or things (the "object" of privacy)
   3. Knows examples of privacy (e.g., writing a letter in private, having a private telephone conversation, telling someone a secret), and knows that objects of privacy can be communications, a person's actions, a person's thoughts and feelings, and a person's space
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Knows what constitutes personal rights and why they are important (e.g., to associate with whomever one chooses, practice the religion of one’s choice)
   2. Knows what constitutes political rights and why they are important (e.g., to speak freely, criticize the government, join political parties or organizations that strive to influence government policies, seek and hold political office)
   3. Knows what constitutes economic rights and why they are important (e.g., to own property, choose one's work)
   4. Knows contemporary issues regarding rights (e.g., school prayer, equal pay for equal work, welfare)
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Knows what constitutes personal rights (e.g., freedom of conscience, freedom to marry whom one chooses, to have children, to associate with whomever one pleases, to live where one chooses, to travel freely, to emigrate) and the major documentary sources of personal rights (e.g., Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution including the Bill of Rights, state constitutions)
   2. Understands the importance to individuals and society of such personal rights as freedom of conscience and religion, freedom of expression and association, freedom of movement and residence, and privacy
   3. Knows what constitutes political rights (e.g., the right to vote, petition, assembly, freedom of press), and knows the major documentary sources of political rights such as the Declaration of Independence, United States Constitution including the Bill of Rights, state constitutions, and civil rights legislation
   4. Understands the importance to individuals and society of such political rights as the right to vote and run for public office and the freedom of speech, press, assembly, and petition
   5. Knows important economic rights (e.g., the right to own property, choose one's work, change employment, join a labor union, establish a business), and knows statements of economic rights in the United States Constitution (e.g., requirement of just compensation, contracts, copyright, patents)
   6. Understands the importance to individuals and society of such economic rights as the right to acquire, use, transfer, and dispose of property; choose one's work and change employment; join labor unions and professional associations; establish and operate a business; copyright and patent; and enter into lawful contracts
   7. Understands basic contemporary issues involving personal, political, and economic rights (e.g., personal rights issues such as dress codes, curfews, sexual harassment; political rights issues such as hate speech, fair trial, free press; economic rights issues such as welfare, minimum wage, health care, equal pay for equal work)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands the importance to individuals and to society of personal rights such as freedom of thought and conscience, privacy and personal autonomy, and the right to due process of law and equal protection of the law
   2. Understands contemporary issues that involve political rights such as access to classified information and changing the boundaries of congressional and state legislative districts
   3. Understands the argument that economic responsibilities follow from economic rights
   4. Understands contemporary issues that involve economic rights such as consumer product safety, taxation, affirmative action, eminent domain, zoning, copyright, patents
   5. Knows major documentary sources of personal, political, and economic rights such as the Northwest Ordinance, state constitutions and bills of rights, court decisions, and common law
   6. Understands how personal, political, and economic rights are secured by constitutional government and by such means as the rule of law, checks and balances, an independent judiciary, and a vigilant citizenry