Standards Database Logo
Home | Browse | Search | Purpose | History | Process | Acknowledgment| Reference

 


 


Civics

Standard 12.Understands the relationships among liberalism, republicanism, and American constitutional democracy
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Not appropriate for this level
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Understands that the central idea of liberalism is the belief that the individual has rights that exist independently of government and that ought to be protected by and against government
   2. Knows the general history of liberalism (e.g., ideas of liberalism that emerged in the seventeenth century and developed during the eighteenth-century Enlightenment; relationship between liberalism and the Protestant Reformation and the rise of market economies and free enterprise)
   3. Knows the difference between the use of the term "liberal" in referring to the American form of government and the use of the terms "liberal" and "conservative" in referring to positions on the spectrum of American politics
   4. Understands that the term "democracy" is derived from the Greek word for "rule by the people," and that the central focus of democracy is the idea that the people are the source of authority for government
   5. Knows the difference between the use of the term "democratic" to refer to the American form of government and the use of the term to refer to the Democratic Party in the United States
   6. Understands how the basic premises of liberalism and democracy are joined in the Declaration of Independence, where they are stated as "self-evident Truths" (e.g., "all men are created equal," authority is derived from consent of the governed, people have the right to alter or abolish government when it fails to fulfill its purposes)
   7. Understands that a "republic" is a state in which the citizenry as a whole is considered sovereign but which is governed by elected representatives rather than directly by the people as in direct democracy
   8. Knows the major ideas of republicanism (e.g., government of a republic seeks the public or common good rather than the good of a particular group or class of society; "civic virtue" of citizens is essential, in which citizens put the public or common good above their private interests)
   9. Knows how ideas of classical republicanism are reflected in the United States Constitution (e.g., the guarantee to the states of a "republican form of government" in Article IV, Section 4; provisions for the election of representatives to the Congress in Article I, Section 2 and the Seventeenth Amendment)
   10. Knows how the use of the term "republican" to refer to the American form of government differs from the use of the term to refer to the Republican Party in the United States
   11. Understands reasons why classical republicanism and liberalism are potentially in conflict (e.g., on the primary purpose of government as the promotion of the public good or as the promotion of the protection of individual rights)
   12. Knows various viewpoints regarding the importance of civic virtue for American democracy today