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List of Benchmarks for Music

Standard 7.Understands the relationship between music and history and culture
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Knows that music is a part of daily life
   2. Knows that music comes from different places and different periods of time
  Level I (Grade K-2)
   1. Knows characteristics that make certain music suitable for specific uses
   2. Knows appropriate audience behavior for the context and style of music performed
  Level II (Grade 3-5)
   1. Identifies (by genre or style) music from various historical periods and cultures
   2. Knows how basic elements of music are used in music from various cultures of the world
   3. Understands the roles of musicians (e.g., orchestra conductor, folk singer, church organist) in various music settings and cultures
  Level III (Grade 6-8)
   1. Understands distinguishing characteristics (e.g., relating to instrumentation, texture, rhythmic qualities, melodic lines, form) of representative music genres and styles from a variety of cultures
   2. Understands characteristics that cause various musical works (e.g., from different genres, styles, historical periods, composers) to be considered exemplary
   3. Understands the functions music serves, roles of musicians (e.g., lead guitarist in a rock band, composer of jingles for commercials, singer in Peking opera), and conditions under which music is typically performed in various cultures of the world
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Classifies unfamiliar but representative aural examples of music (e.g., by genre, style, historical period, culture)
   2. Knows sources of American music genres (e.g., swing, Broadway musical, blues), the evolution of these genres, and musicians associated with them
   3. Knows various roles that musicians perform (e.g., entertainer, teacher, transmitter of cultural tradition) and representative individuals who have functioned in these roles