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List of Benchmarks for Dance

Standard 1.Identifies and demonstrates movement elements and skills in performing dance
  Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
   1. Moves his or her body in a variety of controlled ways
   2. Moves to the beats, rhythm, and tempo of music
  Level II (Grade K-4)
   1. Uses basic nonlocomotor/axial movements (e.g., bend, twist, stretch, swing)
   2. Uses locomotor movements (e.g., walk, hop, leap, gallop, slide, skip) in different directions (e.g., forward, backward, sideward, diagonally, turning)
   3. Creates shapes (e.g., body shapes, lines, angles, curves) at low, middle, and high levels (different heights from the floor)
   4. Defines and maintains personal space (e.g., form; distance from others when moving through space as part of a group)
   5. Uses movements in straight and curved pathways
   6. Moves to a rhythmic accompaniment (e.g., drum beat) and responds to changes in tempo
   7. Uses kinesthetic awareness, concentration, and focus in performing movement skills
   8. Knows basic actions (e.g., skip, gallop) and movement elements (e.g., height of the dancer in relation to the floor, directions), and how they communicate ideas
  Level III (Grade 5-8)
   1. Understands various movements and their underlying principles (e.g., alignment, balance, initiation of movement, articulation of isolated body parts, weight shift, elevation and landing, fall and recovery)
   2. Knows basic dance steps, body positions, and spatial patterns for dance from various styles or traditions (e.g., ballet, square, Ghanaian, Middle Eastern, modern)
   3. Transfers a spatial pattern from the visual to the kinesthetic (e.g., reproduces a pattern drawn on paper by traveling through space)
   4. Transfers a rhythmic pattern from the aural to the kinesthetic (e.g., reproduces a rhythmic pattern beat on a drum by using movement)
   5. Knows a range of dynamics/movement qualities (e.g., sustained, swing, percussive, collapse; vibratory and effort combinations such as a float, dab, punch, and glide)
   6. Memorizes and reproduces movement sequences
   7. Understands the action and movement elements observed in dance, and knows appropriate movement/dance vocabulary (e.g., level, direction)
  Level IV (Grade 9-12)
   1. Uses appropriate skeletal alignment (e.g., relationship of the skeleton to the line of gravity and the base of support), body-part articulation, strength, flexibility, agility, and coordination in locomotor and nonlocomotor/axial movements
   2. Knows complex steps and patterns from various dance styles (e.g., dances of a particular performer, choreographer, period) and traditions (e.g., dances of bharata natyam, noh; folk dances of indigenous peoples of Europe or other areas)
   3. Understands various complex time elements (e.g., duple and triple meters and tempi varied in relation to a basic pulse)
   4. Creates and performs combinations and variations in a broad dynamic range (e.g., sustained, percussive, vibratory, swing)
   5. Uses projection in dance (e.g., confident presentation of one’s body and energy to communicate movement and meaning to an audience; performance quality; positive sense of involvement)
   6. Memorizes and reproduces extended movement sequences and rhythmic patterns