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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 10.Understands forces and motion
  
Topics1. Nuclear reactions and forces; 2. Electricity and Magnetism; 3. Gravity
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Knows that nuclear forces are much stronger than electromagnetic forces, which are vastly stronger than gravitational forces; the strength of nuclear forces explains why great amounts of energy are released from the nuclear reactions in atomic or hydrogen bombs, and in the Sun and other stars
   Vocabulary terms
A.  strength of nuclear force
B.  strength of electromagnetic force
C.  strength of gravitational force
D.  atomic bomb
E.  hydrogen bomb
F.  stellar energy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that nuclear forces are stronger than electromagnetic forces   
  2. Knows that electromagnetic forces are stronger than gravitational forces   
  3. Knows that the strength of nuclear force explains the great amounts of energy released from nuclear reactions in atomic bombs   
  4. Knows that the strength of nuclear force explains the great amounts of energy released from nuclear reactions in hydrogen bombs   
  5. Knows that the strength of nuclear force explains the release of energy from nuclear reactions in the Sun   
  6. Knows that the strength of nuclear force explains the release of energy from nuclear reactions in the stars   


Citation Log: BD(2E,96,97;​CAI,216;​IBCI,107;​IBPI,76;​NSE,31;​PI,119;​SE,178,180)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document