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List of Benchmarks for Mathematics 
 Standard 4.Understands and applies basic and advanced properties of the concepts of measurement
TopicMeasurement estimation
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 8.Selects and uses appropriate estimation techniques (e.g., overestimate, underestimate, range of estimates) to solve real-world problems
   Vocabulary terms
A.  problem solving
B.  estimation technique
C.  overestimation
D.  underestimation
E.  estimate range
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Uses a range of estimations effectively   
  2. Understands concept of overestimation   
  3. Uses overestimation effectively   
  4. Determines whether a problem can be solved by using a range of estimations   
  5. Determines whether a problem can be solved by using overestimation   
  6. Understands the concept of underestimation   
  7. Uses underestimation effectively   
  8. Determines whether a problem can be solved by using underestimation   
  9. Understands the concept of estimation for measurements   A   

 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BP(ME,240;​CI,187;​S2I,58;​T3E,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B1   International Baccalaureate: Math, Primary
B2   International Baccalaureate: Math, Middle
B3   International Baccalaureate: Math, High
C   CBE: Standards for Excellence
C3   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 3
C5   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 5
CB   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: Mathematics and Statistics
CO   CDE: Building Blocks to Colorado’s Content Standards
D   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Mathematics
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
M   NCTM: Principles & Standards for School Mathematics
MA   MDE (Massachusetts): Early Childhood Standards
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
P   NAEP: Mathematics Assessment Framework
PS   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
S1   New Standards: Elementary School
S2   New Standards: Middle School
S3   New Standards: High School
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
T1   TIMSS: Population 1 assessed grade 4 (released 1998)
T2   TIMSS: Population 2 assessed grade 8 (released 1998)
T3   TIMSS: Final Year assessed grade 12 (released 1998)
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document