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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 9.Understands the sources and properties of energy
  
Topics1. Atoms and molecules; 2. Properties of substances
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Knows how the energy associated with individual atoms and molecules can be used to identify the substances they comprise; each kind of atom or molecule can gain or lose energy only in particular discrete amounts, and thus can absorb and emit light only at wavelengths corresponding to these amounts
   Vocabulary terms
A.  atomic energy
B.  molecular energy
C.  identification of substances
D.  quantum of energy
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows how the energy of individual atoms can be used to identify the substances they comprise   
  2. Knows how the energy of individual molecules can be used to identify the substances they comprise   
  3. Knows that each kind of atom can gain energy only in particular discrete amounts   
  4. Knows that each kind of atom can lose energy only in particular discrete amounts   
  5. Knows that each kind of atom can absorb light at wavelengths corresponding to the amount of energy gained or lost   
  6. Knows that each kind of atom can emit light at wavelengths corresponding to the amount of energy gained or lost   
  7. Knows that each kind of molecule can gain energy only in particular discrete amounts   
  8. Knows that each kind of molecule can lose energy only in particular discrete amounts   
  9. Knows that each kind of molecule can absorb light at wavelengths corresponding to the amount of energy gained or lost   
  10. Knows that each kind of molecule can emit light at wavelengths corresponding to the amount of energy gained or lost   


Citation Log: BD(2E,86;​CAI,190;​IBCI,111;​IBPE,74,82-83;​N3I,82;​PE,124;​SE,180-181)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document