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List of Benchmarks for Technology 
 Standard 4.Understands the nature of technological design
  
Topics1. Design test and refinement; 2. Design considerations
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 5.Knows that since there is no such thing as a perfect design, trade-offs of one criterion for another must occur to find an optimized solution
   Vocabulary terms
A.  design trade-offs
B.  optimal solution
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that there is no such thing as a perfect design   
  2. Understands that trade-offs of one criterion for another must occur to find an optimized solution   


Citation Log: BD(2I,3B/4H;​FI,76;​STE,42)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document