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List of Benchmarks for Technology 
 Standard 4.Understands the nature of technological design
  
Topics1. Design process ; 2. Design considerations
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 5.Knows constraints that must be considered when designing a solution to a problem (e.g., cost, materials, time, space, safety, scientific laws, engineering principles, construction techniques, appearance, environmental impact, what will happen if the solution fails)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  design constraints
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that cost must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  2. Knows that materials must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  3. Knows that time must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  4. Knows that space must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  5. Knows that safety must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  6. Knows that scientific laws must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  7. Knows that engineering principles must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  8. Knows that construction techniques must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  9. Knows that appearance must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  10. Knows that environmental impacts must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    
  11. Knows that the possibility of failure must be considered when designing a solution to a problem    


Citation Log: BD(2E,3E/B1,B2;​N1I,39;​SE,137;​STE,36,94)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document