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List of Benchmarks for Technology 
 Standard 4.Understands the nature of technological design
  
Topics1. Uses of technology; 2. Natural and designed objects
   Level I (Grade K-2)
  Benchmark 1.Knows that both objects and systems occur in nature (e.g., stars and the solar system), but people can also design and make objects and systems (e.g., telephones and communication systems) to solve a problem and to improve the quality of life
   Vocabulary terms
A.  objects in nature
B.  systems in nature
C.  designed objects
D.  designed systems
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that both objects and systems occur in nature    
  2. Knows that stars and the solar system are examples of objects and systems in nature   
  3. Knows that people can design and make objects and systems to solve a problem and to improve the quality of life   
  4. Knows that telephones and communication systems are examples of designed objects and systems   


Citation Log: BD(2I,3B/P1;​SE,138;​STE,24,34)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document