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List of Benchmarks for Technology 
 Standard 3.Understands the relationships among science, technology, society, and the individual
  
Topics1. Impact of technology; 2. Technological design and development
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 3.Knows that alternatives, risks, costs, and benefits must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones (e.g., Are there alternative ways to achieve the same ends? Who benefits and who suffers? What are the financial and social costs and who bears them? How serious are the risks and who is in jeopardy? What resources will be needed and where will they come from?)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  alternatives to technology
B.  risks of technology
C.  costs of technology
D.  benefits of technology
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that alternatives must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies   
  2. Knows that alternatives must be considered when deciding on proposals to curtail existing technologies   
  3. Knows that risks must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies   
  4. Knows that risks must be considered when deciding on proposals to curtail existing technologies   
  5. Knows that costs must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies   
  6. Knows that costs must be considered when deciding on proposals to curtail existing technologies   
  7. Knows that benefits must be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies   
  8. Knows that benefits must be considered when deciding on proposals to curtail existing technologies   
  9. Knows that alternative ways to achieve the same ends needs to be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones    
  10. Knows that who benefits and who suffers from technologies needs to be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones    
  11. Knows that the financial and social costs and who bears them needs to be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones    
  12. Knows that the risks of technologies and who is in jeopardy needs to be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones    
  13. Knows that the resources needs and how they will be supplied needs to be considered when deciding on proposals to introduce new technologies or to curtail existing ones    
  
McREL Activity(s)
   Not So Super Superbugs


Citation Log: BD(2E,3C/H3;​IS1,21;​N2I,29;​SI,199;​STE,62;​TEE,42c11A)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
B   NBEA: National Standards for Business Education
F   NAEP: 2009 Science Framework (Pre-Publication Edition)
ID   International Baccalaureate: Design Technology (HS)
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems (HS)
IS   ISTE: National Educational Technology Standards for Students
IT   International Baccalaureate: Informational Technology (HS)
N1   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Elementary Years
N2   NCISE: Science and Technology Education, Middle Years
NC   North Carolina Computer/Technology Skills
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
ST   ITEA: Standards for Technological Literacy
TA   Texas Technology Application Standards
TE   Texas Technology Education/Industrial Technology Education

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document