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List of Benchmarks for Mathematics 
 Standard 3.Uses basic and advanced procedures while performing the processes of computation
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 3.Understands exponentiation of rational numbers and root-extraction (e.g., squares and square roots, cubes and cube roots)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  exponentiation
B.  exponent
C.  rational number
D.  root extraction
E.  square number
F.  square root
G.  cube number
H.  cube root
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the concept of square roots    8.EE.2 
  2. Understands the concept of roots    8.EE.2; HS.A-SSE.3;  
  3. Understands the concept of cubes    8.EE.2 
  4. Understands the concept of squares    8.EE.2 
  5. Understands the concept of cube roots    8.EE.2 

 CC  = Common Core standards available (Common Core ID indicated)

Citation Log: BD(ME,214,220;​B2E,9,13;​CE,184;​PI,11;​S2E,54)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B1   International Baccalaureate: Math, Primary
B2   International Baccalaureate: Math, Middle
B3   International Baccalaureate: Math, High
C   CBE: Standards for Excellence
C3   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 3
C5   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 5
CB   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: Mathematics and Statistics
CO   CDE: Building Blocks to Colorado’s Content Standards
D   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Mathematics
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
M   NCTM: Principles & Standards for School Mathematics
MA   MDE (Massachusetts): Early Childhood Standards
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
P   NAEP: Mathematics Assessment Framework
PS   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
S1   New Standards: Elementary School
S2   New Standards: Middle School
S3   New Standards: High School
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
T1   TIMSS: Population 1 assessed grade 4 (released 1998)
T2   TIMSS: Population 2 assessed grade 8 (released 1998)
T3   TIMSS: Final Year assessed grade 12 (released 1998)
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document