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List of Benchmarks for Science 
 Standard 9.Understands the sources and properties of energy
Topics1. Forms of energy; 2. Vibrations and waves
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 6.Understands that waves have characteristic properties (e.g., wavelength, frequency, amplitude, speed) and behaviors (e.g., reflection, refraction, transmission, interference)
   Vocabulary terms
1.  wavelength
2.  frequency
3.  wave amplitude
4.  wave speed
5.  reflection
6.  refraction
6.  wave transmission
7.  wave interference
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands that waves have characteristic properties  A   
  2. Understands that wavelength is a characteristic property of a wave  A   
  3. Understands that frequency is a characteristic property of a wave  A   
  4. Understands that amplitude is a characteristic property of a wave  A   
  5. Understands that speed is a characteristic property of a wave   
  6. Understands that waves have characteristic behaviors   
  7. Understands that reflection is a characteristic behavior of a wave  A   P  
  8. Understands that refraction is a characteristic behavior of a wave  A   
  9. Understands that transmission is a characteristic behavior of a wave  A   
  10. Understands that interference is a characteristic behavior of a wave   

 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

Citation Log: BD(2E,92;​IB2I,25;​IBCI,47;​IBPE,54-56,114-118;​SI,155,180;​NSE,24;​PE86,116;​TI,63)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
CA   CDE: Science Framework for California Public Schools
CB   College Board Standards for College Success
DoD   Department of Defense curriculum for Prekindergarten science
FR   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   Headstart Child Outcomes Framework
IB1   International Baccalaureate: Primary Years Programme curriculum documents
IB2   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Program Sciences Guide
IBB   International Baccalaureate: Biology
IBC   International Baccalaureate: Chemistry
IBE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems and Societies Guide
IBP   International Baccalaureate: Physics
IL   Illinois Early Learning Standards
K   Standards for Success
L   Louisana Pre-Kindergarten Content Standards
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N1   New Standards: Elementary School
N12   NAEP: Released items for grade 12
N2   New Standards: Middle School
N3   New Standards: High School
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8
NE   National Environmental Education Standards
NS   Science Assessment & Item Specifications for 2009 NAEP, Prepub. Ed.
NZ   New Zealand Early Childhood Curriculum
OL   Ocean Literacy: The essential principles of ocean sciences
P   Pearsall: NSTA: The Content Core
R   Russia: Beginnings: The Fundamentals of Preschool Education
S   NRC: National Science Education Standards
T   TIMSS: Assesment framework for Science
T1   TIMSS: Released items for Population 1 (grade 4)
T2   TIMSS: Released items for Population 2 (grade 8)
T3   TIMSS: Released items for the final year of secondary school (grade 12)
TX1   Texas Prekindergarten Guidelines for Science
TX2   Texas College and Career Readiness Standards
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document