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List of Benchmarks for Visual Arts 
 Standard 1.Understands and applies media, techniques, and processes related to the visual arts
TopicArtistic communication and expression
   Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
  Benchmark 2.Creates three-dimensional structures and arrangements using concrete materials or manipulatives (e.g., blocks)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  three-dimensional structure
B.  three-dimensional arrangement
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Creates three-dimensional structures   
  2. Creates three-dimensional arrangements   
  3. Creates enclosures and spaces   

Citation Log: BP(CE,122;​UE,120)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   CNAEA: National Standards for Arts Education
C   California Visual/Performing Arts Framework
F   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Art/Design
IM   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Arts
M   MENC: The School Music Program
N   NAEP: Arts Education Assessment Framework
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   United Kingdom: The review of the desirable outcomes for children’s learning
Z   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document