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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 14.Understands how human actions modify the physical environment
TopicEnvironmental issues
   Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
  Benchmark 1.Knows how people affect the environment in negative (e.g., litter, pollution) and positive (e.g., recycling, picking up litter) ways
   Vocabulary terms
A.  litter
B.  pollution
C.  recycling
D.  picking up litter
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that sometimes people harm the environment   
  2. Knows that people harm the environment when they litter   
  3. Knows that people harm the environment when they pollute   
  4. Knows that sometimes people do good things for the environment   
  5. Knows that some things that can be recycled   
  6. Knows that picking up litter is one way to reverse negative affects   

Citation Log: BD(DDE;​IE;​162;​NZI,52;​OE;​HSE,20)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document