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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 4.Understands the physical and human characteristics of place
  
TopicLocation of natural and human features and places
   Level Pre-K (Grade Pre-K)
  Benchmark 2.Knows natural features of the environment (e.g., hills, mountains, oceans, rivers)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  natural feature
B.  hill
C.  mountain
D.  ocean
E.  river
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that some things found in the environment are natural   
  2. Recognizes hills as parts of the Earth that are not flat   
  3. Recognizes mountains as large, rocky hills   
  4. Recognizes oceans as large bodies of water   
  5. Recognizes rivers as bodies of moving water    


Citation Log: BD(DDI;​IE,150;​NZE,56;​MHE,65;​UKE,11;​HSE, 18)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document