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Mathematics 
 Standard 2.Understands and applies basic and advanced properties of the concepts of numbers
  
Topics1. Whole numbers/place value/numeration; 2. Fractions ; 3. Decimals; 4. Ratio/proportion/percent; 5. Exponents/logarithms/roots; 6. Integers
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the relationships among equivalent number representations (e.g., whole numbers, positive and negative integers, fractions, ratios, decimals, percents, scientific notation, exponentials) and the advantages and disadvantages of each type of representation
   Vocabulary terms
A.  equivalent number representations
B.  whole number
C.  positive
D.  negative
E.  equivalent fractions
F.  ratio
G.  decimal equivalence
H.  percent
I.  scientific notation
J.  exponential
K.  integer
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the equivalence of decimals and percents    
  2. Understands the equivalence of whole numbers and fractions   
  3. Understands the equivalence of fractions and ratios   
  4. Understands the equivalence of whole numbers and ratios   
  5. Understands the equivalence of whole numbers and decimals   
  6. Understands the equivalence of whole numbers and percents   
  7. Understands the equivalence of whole numbers and scientific notation   
  8. Understands the equivalence of integers and fractions   
  9. Understands the equivalence of integers and ratios   
  10. Understands the equivalence of integers and decimals   
  11. Understands the equivalence of integers and percents   
  12. Understands the equivalence of integers and scientific notation   
  13. Understands the equivalence of integers and exponents   
  14. Understands the equivalence of fractions and decimals  A   
  15. Understands the equivalence of ratios and decimals    7.NS.2 
  16. Understands the equivalence of ratios and percents    
  17. Understands the equivalence of decimals and scientific notation  A   
  18. Understands the equivalence of decimals and exponents   
  19. Understands the equivalence of scientific notation and exponents   
  20. Understands the advantages and disadvantages of different number representations   


 A  = Assessment items available

 CC  = Common Core standards available (Common Core ID indicated)

Citation Log: BD(ME,214,216,217;​B2E,9;​CE,184;​PE,10;​S2E,54;​T2E,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B1   International Baccalaureate: Math, Primary
B2   International Baccalaureate: Math, Middle
B3   International Baccalaureate: Math, High
C   CBE: Standards for Excellence
C3   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 3
C5   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 5
CB   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: Mathematics and Statistics
CO   CDE: Building Blocks to Colorado’s Content Standards
D   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Mathematics
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
M   NCTM: Principles & Standards for School Mathematics
MA   MDE (Massachusetts): Early Childhood Standards
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
P   NAEP: Mathematics Assessment Framework
PS   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
S1   New Standards: Elementary School
S2   New Standards: Middle School
S3   New Standards: High School
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
T1   TIMSS: Population 1 assessed grade 4 (released 1998)
T2   TIMSS: Population 2 assessed grade 8 (released 1998)
T3   TIMSS: Final Year assessed grade 12 (released 1998)
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document