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List of Benchmarks for World History 
 Standard 9.Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  
Topics1. Unification of the Mediterranean basin under Roman rule; 2. Empires and imperialism; 3. Development, ideology, and structure of political systems
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Understands shifts in the political framework of Roman society (e.g., major phases in the empire's expansion through the 1st century CE; how imperial rule over a vast area transformed Roman society, economy, and culture; the causes and consequences of the transition from Republic to Empire under Augustus in Rome; how Rome governed its provinces from the late Republic to the Empire; how innovations in ancient military technology affected patterns of warfare and empire building)
   Vocabulary terms
1.  shifts in Roman political framework (500 BCE to 300 CE)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows major phases in the Roman Empire’s expansion through the 1st century CE   
  2. Understands how imperial rule over a vast area transformed Roman society   
  3. Understands how imperial rule over a vast area transformed the Roman economy   
  4. Understands how imperial rule over a vast area transformed Roman culture   
  5. Understands the causes and consequences of the transition from Republic to Empire under Augustus in Rome   
  6. Understands how Rome governed its provinces from the late Republic to the Empire   
  7. Understands how innovations in ancient military technology affected patterns of warfare   
  8. Understands how innovations in ancient military technology affected empire building   


Citation Log: BD(BE,151;​C;​WE,86,87;​LE,219;​LI,219)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document