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List of Benchmarks for World History 
 Standard 9.Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  
Topics1. Unification of the Mediterranean basin under Roman rule; 2. Cooperation and conflict; 3. Development, ideology, and structure of political systems; 4. Trade and trade routes
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 2.Understands influences on the economic and political framework of Roman society (e.g., how Roman unity contributed to the growth of trade among lands of the Mediterranean basin; the importance of Roman commercial connections with Sub-Saharan Africa, India, and East Asia; the history of the Punic Wars and the consequences of the wars for Rome; the major phases of Roman expansion, including the Roman occupation of Britain)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  influences on Roman economic framework (500 BCE to 300 CE)
B.  influences on Roman political framework (500 BCE to 300 CE)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands influences on the economic framework of Roman society   
  2. Understands influences on the political framework of Roman society   
  3. Understands how Roman unity contributed to the growth of trade among lands of the Mediterranean basin   
  4. Understands the importance of Roman commercial connections with Sub Saharan Africa, India, and East Asia   
  5. Knows the history of the Punic Wars and the consequences of the wars for Rome   
  6. Knows the major phases of Roman expansion, including the Roman occupation of Britain   


Citation Log: BD(BE,151;​C;​WE,87;​LE,219,220)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document