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List of Benchmarks for World History 
 Standard 9.Understand how major religious and large-scale empires arose in the Mediterranean Basin, China, and India from 500 BCE to 300 CE
  
Topics1. Unification of the Mediterranean basin under Roman rule; 2. Development, ideology, and structure of political systems; 3. Social change and development
   Level II (Grade 5-6)
  Benchmark 2.Understands shifts in the political and social framework of Roman society (e.g., political and social institutions of the Roman Republic and reasons for its transformation from Republic to Empire; how values changed from the early Republic to the last years of the Empire as reflected through the lives of such Romans as Cincinnatus, Scipio Africanus, Tiberius Gracchus, Cicero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Nero, Marcus Aurelius, and Constantine)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  shifts in Roman political framework (500 BCE to 300 CE)
B.  shifts in Roman social framework (500 BCE to 300 CE)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands shifts in the political framework of Roman society   
  2. Understands shifts in the social framework of Roman society   
  3. Knows political institutions of the Roman Republic   
  4. Knows social institutions of the Roman Republic   
  5. Knows reasons for the transformation of the Roman Republic from Republic to Empire   
  6. Understands how values changed from the early Republic to the last years of the Empire as reflected through the lives of such Romans as Cincinnatus, Scipio Africanus, Tiberius Gracchus, Cicero, Julius Caesar, Augustus, Nero, Marcus Aurelius, and Constantine   
  
McREL Activity(s)
   Great Caesar’s Ghost


Citation Log: BD(BE,151;​C;​WE,86;​LE,219)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document