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List of Benchmarks for United States History 
 Standard 15.Understands how various reconstruction plans succeeded or failed
  
Topics1. Successes and failures of Reconstruction ; 2. Social change and development; 3. Family and gender roles; 4. Roles and experiences of diverse groups; 5. Social, political, and economic characteristics of society
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 5.Understands changes in the political and social structure in different regions during Reconstruction (e.g., changes in political and economic positions of African Americans in the North; changes in gender roles and status in the North, South and West; contributions of African Americans who served in state and national offices; personal challenges to Freedmen)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  structural changes (Reconstruction era)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands changes in the political structure in different regions during Reconstruction    
  2. Understands changes in the social structure in different regions during Reconstruction    
  3. Understands changes in political positions of African Americans in the North during Reconstruction   
  4. Understands changes in economic positions of African Americans in the North during Reconstruction   
  5. Understands changes in gender roles in the North during Reconstruction   
  6. Understands changes in gender roles in the South during Reconstruction   
  7. Understands changes in gender roles in the West during Reconstruction   
  8. Understands changes in gender status in the North during Reconstruction   
  9. Understands changes in gender status in the South during Reconstruction   
  10. Understands changes in gender status in the West during Reconstruction   
  11. Understands the contributions of African Americans who served in state offices during Reconstruction   
  12. Understands the contributions of African Americans who served in national offices during Reconstruction   
  13. Understands personal challenges to Freedmen during Reconstruction   


Citation Log: BD(BE,102;​AE,133;​LI,115-116;​NE,59,NI,21,22)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document