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World History 
 Standard 26.Understands how the transoceanic interlinking of all major regions of the world between 1450 and 1600 led to global transformations
  
Topics1. European overseas expansion in the 15th and 16th centuries; 2. Expansion, exploration, and conquest; 3. Historical viewpoints and perspectives; 4. Science, technology, and society
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the impact of the exploratory and commercial expeditions in the 15th and 16th centuries (e.g., the motives and short-term significance of the Portuguese and Spanish military and commercial expeditions to Sub-Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas; technologies that advanced international, seaborne trade in the latter part of the century; the connotations of the words "conquest," "exchange," and "discovery" used to describe Columbus' travels to North America and his encounters with indigenous populations)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  exploratory expeditions (15th and 16th centuries)
B.  commercial expeditions (15th and 16th centuries)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the motives of the Portuguese military and commercial expeditions to Sub Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas   
  2. Understands the motives of the Spanish military and commercial expeditions to Sub Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas   
  3. Understands the short term significance of the Portuguese military and commercial expeditions to Sub Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas   
  4. Understands the short term significance of the Spanish military and commercial expeditions to Sub Saharan Africa, Asia, and the Americas   
  5. Knows technologies that advanced international, seaborne trade in the latter part of the century   
  6. Understands the connotations of the words "conquest," "exchange," and "discovery" used to describe Columbus’ travels to North America and his encounters with indigenous populations   


Citation Log: BD(BE,176;​C;​WE,169)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document