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List of Benchmarks for World History 
 Standard 23.Understands patterns of crisis and recovery in Afro-Eurasia between 1300 and 1450
Topics1. Role of individuals in history; 2. Europe following the crises of the 14th century; 3. Role of women; 4. Rise of social, political, and economic revolutions; 5. Religion, belief systems, and values
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 9.Understands the significance of Joan of Arc (e.g., her role in the Hundred Years War; her subsequent trial and execution; the Church's review of her trial 25 years later, and her revered image as a patron saint of France)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  Joan of Arc
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows Joan of Arc’s role in the Hundred Years War   
  2. Understands Joan of Arc’s trial and execution subsequent to the Hundred Year’s War   
  3. Understands the Church’s review of Joan of Arc’s trial 25 years later   
  4. Understands Joan of Arc’s revered image as a patron saint of France   

Citation Log: BD(C;​WE,157)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document