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 Standard 2.Understands and applies basic and advanced properties of the concepts of numbers
TopicWhole numbers/place value/numeration
   Level I (Grade K-2)
  Benchmark 3.Understands symbolic, concrete, and pictorial representations of numbers (e.g., written numerals, objects in sets, number lines)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  symbolic representation of numbers
B.  concrete representation of numbers
C.  pictorial representation of numbers
D.  number
E.  numeral
F.  set
G.  number line
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Represents numbers in concrete fashion   P  
  2. Represents numbers in pictorial fashion   P  
  3. Represents numbers in symbolic fashion   P   K.CC.3; 1.NBT.1; 2.NBT.3 
  4. Organizes objects into sets   P  
  5. Recognizes written numerals  A   P   1.NBT.1; 2.NBT.3; 4.NBT.2 
  6. Understands the concept of a number line    2.MD.6 
  7. Knows that numbers are represented symbolically by numerals    1.NBT.1 
  8. Knows that numbers can be represented concretely in sets   
  9. Knows that numbers can be represented pictorially on a number line  A   
McREL Activity(s)
   Counting Coins
   Taking Numbers Personally

 A  = Assessment items available

 P  = Performance expectation(s) available based on source documents

 CC  = Common Core standards available (Common Core ID indicated)

Citation Log: BD(ME,78;​CE,183;​PE,16,31;​S1E,60;​TE1,*)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
*   McREL Report
2   Project 2061: Benchmarks for Science Literacy
AC   ACT, College Readiness Standards
AD   American Diploma Project
B1   International Baccalaureate: Math, Primary
B2   International Baccalaureate: Math, Middle
B3   International Baccalaureate: Math, High
C   CBE: Standards for Excellence
C3   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 3
C5   CBE: Standards for Excellence, end of grade 5
CB   College Board: College Board Standards for College Success: Mathematics and Statistics
CO   CDE: Building Blocks to Colorado’s Content Standards
D   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Mathematics
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
M   NCTM: Principles & Standards for School Mathematics
MA   MDE (Massachusetts): Early Childhood Standards
N4   NAEP: Released items for grade 4 (2003)
N8   NAEP: Released items for grade 8 (2003)
P   NAEP: Mathematics Assessment Framework
PS   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
S1   New Standards: Elementary School
S2   New Standards: Middle School
S3   New Standards: High School
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
T1   TIMSS: Population 1 assessed grade 4 (released 1998)
T2   TIMSS: Population 2 assessed grade 8 (released 1998)
T3   TIMSS: Final Year assessed grade 12 (released 1998)
U   Understanding University Success: A Report from Standards for Success
UK   United Kingdom: Desirable Outcomes for Children’s Learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document