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List of Benchmarks for United States History 
 Standard 2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  
Topics1. European exploration and colonization, 9th to 17th centuries; 2. Cultural diffusion, adaptation, and interaction; 3. Impact of society on the environment; 4. Trade and trade routes
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Understands the long-range social and ecological impact of the Columbian Exchange (e.g., how the horse, the pig, and the dandelion brought about changes in the land; how the sugar trade affected Caribbean slaves, Indian laborers, and European urban proletarians)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  social effects of the Columbian Exchange
B.  ecological effects of the Columbian Exchange
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the Columbian Exchange in terms of how the horse, the pig, and the dandelion brought about changes in the Americas    
  2. Understands the Columbian Exchange in terms of how the sugar trade affected Caribbean slaves, Indian laborers, and European urban proletarians    


Citation Log: BD(AE,47;​LI,53)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document