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List of Benchmarks for United States History 
 Standard 2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  
Topics1. Spanish and Portuguese conquest of the Americas; 2. Colonies and colonial systems ; 3. Economic development and growth
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Understands the economic characteristics of the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas (e.g., encomienda system and the evolution of labor systems, the origin and expansion of the African slave trade in the Americas)
   Vocabulary terms
1.  encomienda system
2.  African slaves and economic development (colonial Americas)
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the encomienda system and the evolution of labor systems in the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas    
  2. Understands the origins and expansion of the African trade slave in the early Spanish and Portuguese empires in the Americas    


Citation Log: BD(BE,79;​AE,49;​LI,58;​NI,14)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document