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List of Benchmarks for World History 
 Standard 16.Understands the development of agricultural societies and new states in tropical Africa and Oceania
  
Topics1. State-building in Northeast and West Africa; 2. Impact of the environment on society; 3. Trade and trade routes ; 4. Empires and imperialism
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands influences on state-building in West Africa (e.g., how the natural environments of West Africa defined agricultural production, and the importance of the Niger River in promoting agriculture, commerce, and state-building; the growth of the Ghana empire; how Islam, labor specialization, regional commerce and the trans-Saharan camel trade promoted urbanization in West Africa; the governing system of the royal court in Ghana, and how the effectiveness of imperial efforts was aided by a belief in the king's divinity)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  West African state-building
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how the natural environments of West Africa defined agricultural production   
  2. Understands the importance of the Niger River in promoting agriculture, commerce, and state building   
  3. Understands the growth of the Ghana empire   
  4. Understands how Islam promoted urbanization in West Africa   
  5. Understands how labor specialization promoted urbanization in West Africa   
  6. Understands how regional commerce promoted urbanization in West Africa   
  7. Understands how the trans Saharan camel trade promoted urbanization in West Africa   
  8. Understands the governing system of the royal court in Ghana   
  9. Understands how the effectiveness of imperial efforts in Ghana was aided by a belief in the king’s divinity   


Citation Log: BD(BE,161;​C;​WE,122,123;​LE,246,247)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
W   NCHS: World History, expanded edition

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document