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List of Benchmarks for United States History 
 Standard 2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  
Topics1. European exploration and colonization, 9th to 17th centuries; 2. Colonies and colonial systems
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the political and religious factors that influenced English, Spanish, French, and Dutch colonization of the Americas (e.g., the enclosure movement; the accession of Elizabeth I to the throne in England; how the Spanish "Black Legend" was used to motivate and justify English colonization of North America; to what extent the "Black Legend" was Protestant propaganda; to what extent it was a valid description of the Spanish conquest)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  religious influences on colonization of the Americas
B.  political influences on colonization of the Americas
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands how the enclosure movement in Europe influenced the colonization of the Americas   
  2. Understands how the accession of Elizabeth I to the throne in England influenced colonization of the Americas    
  3. Understands how the Spanish "Black Legend" was used to motivate and justify English colonization of North America    
  4. Understands the extent to which the "Black Legend" was Protestant propaganda   
  5. Understands the extent to which the "Black Legend" was a valid description of the Spanish conquest of the Americas    


Citation Log: BD(BE,79;​AE,47,53;​LE,60,63;​LI,55;​NI,12)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document