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List of Benchmarks for United States History 
 Standard 2.Understands cultural and ecological interactions among previously unconnected people resulting from early European exploration and colonization
  
Topics1. European exploration and colonization, 9th to 17th centuries; 2. Expansion, exploration, and conquest; 3. Cultural diffusion, adaptation, and interaction
   Level III (Grade 7-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the immediate and long-term impact of Columbus’ voyages on Native populations and on colonization in the Americas (e.g., Columbus’ interactions with indigenous peoples, the Columbian Exchange, religious influences)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  effects of Christopher Columbus’ voyages
B.  Columbian Exchange
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the immediate effects of Columbus’ voyages on Native populations in the Americas   
  2. Understands the immediate effects of Columbus’ voyages on colonization in the Americas   
  3. Understands the long-term effects of Columbus’ voyages on Native populations in the Americas    
  4. Understands the long-term effects of Columbus’ voyages on colonization in the Americas    
  5. Understands Columbus’ interactions with indigenous peoples in the Americas    
  5. Understands aspects of the Columbian Exchange   A   
  6. Understands religious influences on Columbus’ voyages to the Americas    
  7. Understands religious influences on colonization in the Americas    


 A  = Assessment items available

Citation Log: BD(BE,79;​AE,47;​LI,56-57;​NI,14)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   NCHS: U.S. History, Expanded Edition
B   NCHS: Basic Edition
L   Lessons from History
N   NAEP: Framework 2006

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document