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Music 
 Standard 4.Composes and arranges music within specified guidelines
  
Topics1. Elements of music; 2. Musical composition and arrangement
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 2.Uses the elements of music for expressive effect (e.g., pitch, rhythm, harmony, dynamics, timbre, texture, form)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  expression through the elements of music
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Uses the element of pitch for expressive effect    
  2. Uses the element of rhythm for expressive effect    
  3. Uses the element of harmony for expressive effect    
  4. Uses the element of dynamics for expressive effect    
  5. Uses the element of timbre for expressive effect    
  6. Uses the element of texture for expressive effect    
  7. Uses the element of form for expressive effect    


Citation Log: BP(AE,60;​CE,71;​IMI,73;​ME,105;​NE,69)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   CNAEA: National Standards for Arts Education
C   California Visual/Performing Arts Framework
F   France: Pre-Elementary School Program
H   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Art/Design
IM   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Arts
M   MENC: The School Music Program
N   NAEP: Arts Education Assessment Framework
T   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines
U   United Kingdom: The review of the desirable outcomes for children’s learning
Z   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document