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List of Benchmarks for Dance 
 Standard 3.Understands dance as a way to create and communicate meaning
Topics1. Basic dance techniques; 2. Comparative analysis of dance
   Level III (Grade 5-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the difference between pantomiming and abstracting a gesture
   Vocabulary terms
A.  pantomiming vs. abstracting
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the concept of pantomiming a gesture   
  2. Understands the concept of abstracting a gesture   

Citation Log: BD(AE,40)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
A   CNAEA: National Standards for Arts Education
C   California Visual/Performing Arts Framework
H   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
IA   International Baccalaureate: Art/Design
IM   International Baccalaureate: Middle Years Arts
J   NJDOE: New Jersey Preschool Teaching and Learning Expectations
M   MENC: The School Music Program
N   NAEP: Arts Education Assessment Framework
U   United Kingdom: The review of the desirable outcomes for children’s learning

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Page number of the cited document