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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 16.Understands the changes that occur in the meaning, use, distribution and importance of resources
  
Topics1. Natural resources; 2. Environmental issues; 3. Bias, meaning, and perspective
   Level III (Grade 6-8)
  Benchmark 1.Understands the reasons for conflicting viewpoints regarding how resources should be used (e.g., attitudes toward electric cars, water-rationing, urban public transportation, use of fossil fuels, excessive timber cutting in old growth forests, buffalo in the western United States, soil conservation in semiarid areas)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  conflicting attitudes towards resources
B.  electric car
C.  water rationing
D.  old growth forest
E.  buffalo herd
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards electric cars   
  2. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards water-rationing   
  3. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards urban public transportation   
  4. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards the use of fossil fuels   
  5. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards excessive timber cutting in old growth forests   
  6. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards buffalo in the western United States   
  7. Understands the conflicting attitudes towards soil conservation in semiarid areas   


Citation Log: BD(GE,177-178;​NE,67)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document