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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 15.Understands how physical systems affect human systems
  
Topics1. Natural disasters and humanity; 2. Human response and adaptation to the environment
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 5.Knows factors that affect people's attitudes, perceptions, and responses toward natural hazards (e.g., religious beliefs, socioeconomic status, previous experiences)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  attitude towards natural hazards
B.  perception of natural hazards
C.  response to natural hazards
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows factors that affect people’s attitudes toward natural hazards   
  2. Knows factors that affect people’s perceptions of natural hazards   
  3. Knows factors that affect people’s responses to natural hazards   
  4. Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their attitude toward natural hazards   
  5. Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their perception of natural hazards   
  6. Knows that people’s religious beliefs can affect their response to natural hazards   
  7. Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their attitude toward natural hazards   
  8. Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their perception of natural hazards   
  9. Knows that people’s socioeconomic status can affect their response to natural hazards   
  10. Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their attitude toward natural hazards   
  11. Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their perception of natural hazards   
  12. Knows that people’s previous experience can affect their response to natural hazards   


Citation Log: BD(GE,215;​IGE,13;​NI,79-80)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document