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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 15.Understands how physical systems affect human systems
  
Topics1. Human response and adaptation to the environment; 2. Natural disasters and humanity
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 4.Understands how people who live in naturally hazardous regions adapt to their environments (e.g., the use of sea walls to protect coastal areas subject to severe storms, the use of earthquake-resistant construction techniques in different regions within the Ring of Fire)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  adaptation to hazardous region
B.  sea wall
C.  earthquake resistant construction
D.  Ring of Fire
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the use of sea walls to protect coastal areas subject to severe storms   
  2. Understands the use of earthquake-resistant construction techniques in different regions within the Ring of Fire   


Citation Log: BD(GE,215;​IGE,13;​NE,78)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document