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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 15.Understands how physical systems affect human systems
  
TopicImpact of society on the environment
   Level IV (Grade 9-12)
  Benchmark 1.Knows changes in the physical environment that have reduced the capacity of the environment to support human activity (e.g., the drought-plagued Sahel, the depleted rain forests of central Africa, the Great Plains Dust Bowl, the impact of the economic exploitation of Siberia's resources on a fragile sub-Arctic environment)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  droughts in Sahel
B.  rainforest depletion in Africa
C.  Great Plains Dust Bowl
D.  resource exploitation in Siberia
E.  sub-Arctic environment
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Understands the drought-plagued Sahel as an example of how changes in the physical environment that have reduced the capacity of the environment to support human activity   
  2. Understands the depleted rain forests of central Africa as an example of how changes in the physical environment that have reduced the capacity of the environment to support human activity   
  3. Understands the Great Plains Dust Bowl as an example of how changes in the physical environment that have reduced the capacity of the environment to support human activity   
  4. Understands the impact of the economic exploitation of Siberia’s resources on a fragile sub-Arctic environment   


Citation Log: BD(GE,214;​IGE,14)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document