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List of Benchmarks for Geography 
 Standard 15.Understands how physical systems affect human systems
  
TopicImpact of the environment on society
   Level II (Grade 3-5)
  Benchmark 3.Knows the ways in which human activities are constrained by the physical environment (e.g., effects of weather, climate and land forms on agriculture, recreational activities, availability of water, expansion of settlement)
   Vocabulary terms
A.  constraint of human activity
B.  weather constraints
C.  climate constraints
D.  land form constraints
  Knowledge/skill statements
  1. Knows that human activities can be constrained by weather   
  2. Knows that human activities can be constrained by the climate   
  3. Knows that human activities can be constrained by the land forms in the area   
  4. Knows that agriculture can be constrained by the physical environment   
  5. Knows that recreational activities can be constrained by the physical environment    
  6. Knows the availability of water can be constrained by the physical environment   
  7. Knows that settlement expansion can be constrained by the physical environment   


Citation Log: BD(GE,135;​NI,41-42;​TE,23,30)
Citation reference
BD = benchmark, declarative
BP = benchmark, procedural
BC = benchmark, contextual

1st letter/number of each code in parentheses:
DD   Department of Defense: Prekindergarten Social Studies Standards
E   JCGE: Guidelines for Geographic Education
G   GESP: National Geography Standards
HS   Head Start: Child Outcomes Framework
I   IDOE: The Foundations for Young Children to the Indiana Academic Standards
IE   International Baccalaureate: Environmental Systems
IG   International Baccalaureate: Geography
MH   McGraw-Hill: Pre-Kindergarten Standards: Guidelines for Teaching and Learning
N   NAEP: Item Specifications in Geography
NZ   New Zealand Ministry of Education: Early Childhood Curriculum
O   OSDE: Oklahoma Developmental Learning Skills for Four-Year-Olds
T   GENIP: K-6 Geography: Themes, Key Ideas
TX   TEA: Texas Prekindergarten Curriculum Guidelines

2nd letter code :
E = Explicitly stated in document
I = Implicit in document

Number:
Page number of the cited document